Innovation, safety and environmental protection

New mobility is taking shape and is becoming a reality

The automotive industry is undergoing a profound transformation. As the inventor of the automobile and a provider of personal mobility solutions ranging from smart vehicles and the broad range of Mercedes-Benz cars to vans, buses and trucks, we seek to shape and lead this far-reaching transformation. Our CASE corporate strategy focuses on the key fields decisive for the future of mobility – connectivity (Connected), automated and autonomous driving (Autonomous), flexible use and services (Shared & Services) and electric drive systems (Electric). The combination of these four fields offers possibilities for developing entirely new products and services for customers and making mobility as intuitive as possible. An autonomously driving taxi that can be ordered using a smartphone offers a good example of what we can expect to see here in the future. In the meantime, our electric mobility offensive in the field of cars is being consolidated under our new EQ technology and product brand, which represents an important component on the road to emission-free driving and an effective instrument for achieving ever more ambitious global CO2 reduction targets.

Reinventing Mobility: The CASE strategy

Connected: MBUX – Mercedes-Benz User Experience sets standards

With regard to the key field of Connected, MBUX – Mercedes-Benz User Experience – has been available for our customers since the launch of the new A-Class. Thanks to artificial intelligence, the all-new infotainment system has the ability to learn; it can also be personalized and adjusts itself to users’ habits and preferences. It thus creates an emotive and intuitive link between the vehicle and its driver. Its voice control system with natural speech recognition can now be operated in a more intuitive manner.

MrJWW presents the A-Class 2018 (Part 2): MBUX & Connectivity

The GLE will be the first model to feature the Interior Assistant, which can recognize individual hand and arm movements of the driver and the front passenger and support their personal operating intentions and preferences.

The digital services from Mercedes me have long since begun evolving into intelligent, personal and mobile assistants of Mercedes-Benz drivers, and this fact is confirmed by the very high customer activation rates for Mercedes me services.

Autonomous: From Stop-and-Go Assist to driverless cars

Connectivity also plays a key role in the development of automated driving functions. Today’s driving assistance systems already use live traffic information and data obtained from car2x communication systems. Our goals here extend far beyond such applications, however. The 2017/2018 Mercedes-Benz Intelligent World Drive demonstrated that learning-enabled systems play a key role in the development of autonomous driving applications for real road traffic, in line with the given conditions in a country. In the Mercedes-Benz Intelligent World Drive, a test vehicle based on the current S-Class completed a demanding study trip on five continents in order to “learn” from automated test drives in real traffic conditions. Whether it was crosswalks on Chinese highways, making right turns from the left-hand lane in Melbourne, Australia, or pedestrian traffic on different types of roads in South Africa – on every continent the S-Class faced challenges that will have an influence on the way future automated and autonomous vehicles operate.

The next phase will take place in the city of San Jose, California, where Bosch and Daimler are creating a system for fully automated autonomous driving (SAE Levels 4/5) and setting the stage for other important developments. In the second half of 2019, Bosch and Daimler plan to begin offering customers a ride-hailing service with fully automated Mercedes-Benz S-Class vehicles on selected routes. Daimler Financial Services AG will operate and manage the test fleet and the app-based mobility service.

Shared & Services: ideas for new mobility

The pilot project for fully automated driving in San Jose will also demonstrate how mobility services from Daimler that are already established, such as car sharing (car2go), ride hailing (mytaxi) and multimodal platforms (moovel), can be intelligently linked and used to shape the future of mobility.

Those who wish to share their private vehicle with friends or colleagues can use the ready-to-share app function for smart cars and the Mercedes me car-sharing app for Mercedes-Benz cars. Both apps offer holistic solutions that make it possible for customers to allow access to the vehicle for a predefined group of users. Friends, family members or colleagues can then easily book and borrow the vehicle for a specific period.

Your private carsharing | smart "ready to share"

In mid-July 2018, an attractive subscription model started under the Mercedes me brand at first as a pilot project in various German cities. We offer interested customers the possibility to flexibly select and drive up to 12 different vehicles within a one-year period. So instead of owning just one car, those who use the service can switch cars in line with their changing situations or activities; for example, they can drive a convertible in the summer or use an E-Class wagon for family trips.

Services related to electric mobility are starting to play a special role. With Mercedes me, EQ offers extensive services for electric mobility today and in the future. Auxiliary climate control is one of the most important new services and features available in the EQ models from Mercedes-Benz. It ensures that the vehicle interior is already at the desired temperature upon departure. The system can be programmed directly via MBUX or via the Mercedes me app.

The EQ-specific content in MBUX includes the display of range, charge level and energy flow. Drive programs, charging current and departure time can also be controlled and set via MBUX. The MBUX display also has a special EQ tile via which numerous EQ features can be accessed.

EQ-optimized navigation always bases its calculation on the fastest route while also taking into account the shortest charging time. The route planning system also responds dynamically to changes, while EQ-optimized navigation ensures that Mercedes-Benz customers can easily find charging stations. In addition, Mercedes me Charge gives customers convenient access to the charging stations of numerous providers, including those outside the country the vehicle is registered in. In this context, customers also benefit from an integrated payment function with simple billing features.

Drivers of all vehicles with electric drive systems benefit from an intelligent and networked variant of the Mercedes-Benz wallbox, which makes charging easier and also offers a range of additional functions that can be accessed via a new app.

Electric: Mercedes-Benz and smart focus on EQ

Mercedes-Benz is forging ahead with the electrification of its vehicles. Plans call for electrification of the entire Mercedes-Benz portfolio by 2022, which means that various electric alternatives are to be offered in every segment – from compact cars to large SUVs. Well over 130 electric vehicle variants are currently planned. Depending on customer preferences and the expansion of the public infrastructure, all-electric vehicles should account for 15 to 25 % of our total car sales by 2025. To that end, we plan to launch more than ten all-electric cars.

Mercedes-Benz Cars is also a pioneer when it comes to the introduction of the 48-volt electrical system. Integration of the starter motor and generator and the electrification of auxiliary assemblies are to gradually and systematically make their way into the market to do more than just make cars more efficient, as temporarily available torque (EQ boost) will also provide additional thrust and enable “coasting” without CO2 emissions.

Mercedes-Benz EQ Power: Boost Function | Plug-in Hybrid

As the second pillar of its electrification strategy, Daimler is currently launching new plug-in hybrid models from the C-Class to the S-Class model series. Such hybrid variants are to be made available also in the compact segment over the medium term. Plug-in hybrids, which are marketed under the EQ Power brand at Mercedes-Benz, represent a key technology on the road to a locally emission-free future for the automobile. Such vehicles offer customers the best of both worlds: They can be driven in the all-electric mode in cities, while on long journeys, customers benefit from the combustion engine’s range. We are also now combining highly efficient diesel engines with plug-in hybrid technology for the first time.

Mercedes-Benz EQ Power: The driving force of our plug-in hybrids

We have refined our intelligent drive management system in order to further improve efficiency. The route-based operating-mode strategy for hybrid and electric vehicles anticipates the course of the road and the traffic situation. This also includes radar-based recuperation, anticipatory route-based gear shifting and operation strategy, and ECO Assist.

The third and fast-growing pillar on the road to emission-free mobility is the all-electric drive system.

The GLC F-CELL is another fully electric vehicle (hydrogen consumption combined: 0.34 kg/100 km, CO2 emissions combined: 0 g/km, power consumption combined: 13.7 kWh/100 km)1. This SUV, which has been delivered to the first selected customers since late 2018, can run on electricity as well as hydrogen because it is equipped with a lithium-ion battery in addition to its fuel cell. Intelligent interplay between the battery and the fuel cell, as well as short refueling times, make the GLC F-CELL a dynamic and practical vehicle for long-distance travel. Two tanks with a carbon-fiber outer layer in the vehicle floor hold 4.4 kg of hydrogen. Thanks to 700-bar tank technology, the hydrogen tank can be refilled within just three minutes – as quickly as one is used to filling the tank of a conventional car. With hydrogen consumption of approximately 1 kg/100 km, the GLC F-CELL achieves about 430 hydrogen-powered kilometers1 in the NEDC; in hybrid mode, up to 51 km1 are added when the battery is fully charged. And driving dynamics are ensured by an output of 155 kW.

GLC F-CELL goes into preproduction: Electric vehicle with fuel cell and battery

The EQC (power consumption combined: 22.2 kWh/100 km; CO2 emissions combined: 0 g/km, preliminary figures)2, which is the first all-electric SUV from Mercedes-Benz, had its world premiere in Stockholm in early September. The model will go into series production in 2019, after which, additional EQ models will be launched in quick succession.

smart is well on its way to becoming an all-electric brand by 2020. The battery-electric smart models combine the agility of the smart with locally emission-free driving the ideal combination for urban mobility.

Be first. Drive electric. I smart EQ fortwo & forfour

We take a holistic view of electric mobility. In an effort to implement the recycling process chain and to safeguard future raw-material supplies for electric mobility, Daimler AG is actively involved in the research and development of new recycling technologies. With the establishment of a wholly owned subsidiary Mercedes-Benz Energy GmbH, we are now focusing, for example, on reusing batteries. After all, the lifecycle of a battery does not have to end after it has done its job in a vehicle, as the battery can be reused for stationary energy storage devices. Battery systems that have yet to be installed in electric vehicles and remain in stock as spare parts can also be used as energy storage units. A large storage device consisting of battery modules for electric vehicle applications went into operation in Elverlingsen in the southern Westphalia region of Germany at the end of June 2018. A total of 1,920 battery modules are stored there as a “living spare parts depot” for third-generation electric smart models.

Modern combustion engines remain indispensable

Combustion engines will continue to form the backbone of global personal mobility for many years to come. This makes it all the more important to further improve the efficiency and environmental compatibility of combustion engines. As planned, we continued and expanded our engine offensive in the year under review. Our new highly efficient four and six-cylinder engines are already available in diesel or gasoline versions in numerous models.

Our “vision of accident-free driving”

Vehicle safety is one of our core areas of expertise and a key component of our product strategy. Our vision of accident-free driving will continue to motivate us to make mobility as safe as possible for everyone in the future.

Starting with the new A-Class, which was launched in May 2018, our compact-class cars can be equipped with assistance systems that provide cooperative support to the driver. Such systems, which were previously only available in S-Class vehicles, also include features that enable partially automated driving. The high level of active safety achieved by our engineers, which prevents accidents while simultaneously enhancing comfort for drivers, is also demonstrated in the new GLE – several Intelligent Drive functions in its Driving Assistance Package are also leading the way beyond the SUV segment. For example, the Stop-and-Go Assist system in the new GLE can detect traffic jams early on, actively support the driver in stop-and-go traffic up to a speed of approximately 60 km/h, and also help create an emergency lane for rescue crews in the event of an accident.

Good visibility means greater safety. MULTIBEAM LED headlights with Adaptive Highbeam Assist Plus are now available throughout our entire product range. This assistance system can control the LEDs in the headlamps individually and thus continuously adapt the range and shape of the light cone to the given traffic situation. We are also currently testing the next technological lighting leap in a small batch of Mercedes-Maybach models being driven by customers: DIGITAL LIGHT. This software-controlled light has high precision thanks to its resolution of more than two million pixels, and is leading the way in driver assistance, performance and communication.

Trucks and buses of the future

Our customers move the world: goods, people, ideas. Our shared task at Daimler Trucks & Buses is to provide them with the best possible support. We develop the vehicles and services with which they can advance our society today and tomorrow: efficiently, safely and reliably. To this end, we are putting important new technologies into series production such as electric drive systems and partially automated driving – across brands, divisions and regions. In this way, we make goods and passenger transportation even safer and more sustainable worldwide, and our customers even more successful. We first listen to our customers on the spot and then we develop the right solutions.

Daimler Trucks: efficient and electric

The new Mercedes-Benz Actros had its world premiere in September 2018. The Mercedes-Benz brand’s flagship truck for long-distance haulage applications takes efficiency for business owners, comfort for drivers and safety for all road users and pedestrians to new levels. Fuel consumption has been further reduced compared to the predecessor model. For better aerodynamics, the truck features new, aerodynamically improved wind deflectors and, above all, the world’s first mirror camera in a series-production truck, which will replace large exterior mirrors in the future. Thanks to its expanded map material, the Predictive Powertrain Control (PPC) system for cruise control and gear shifting can now also be used for long-distance haulage on both secondary roads and major highways.

Der neue Mercedes-Benz Actros

The new Actros will also be offered with natural-gas drive in the future. Significantly lower CO2 emissions when operating on natural gas and a further significant improvement in the CO2 balance when using biomethane, in addition to low noise emissions and zero emissions of particulate matter from the drive engine – with the new Actros NGT, Mercedes-Benz Trucks offers the benefits of this alternative drive system.

Along with its efforts to increase the efficiency of conventional drive systems, Daimler Trucks is also working on the development of sustainable, all-electric, quiet and locally emission-free commercial vehicles that offer outstanding benefits for both customers and the environment. The company conducts analyses to identify applications for which electric mobility makes the most economic sense, in the interest of both the company’s shareholders and its customers. The year 2018 marked the first time that Daimler Trucks unveiled all-electric trucks across all its vehicle segments, ranging from the FUSO eCanter in the light-duty segment

FUSO | eCanter 1.0 - the first all-electric truck in series production

to the Freightliner eM2 in the medium-duty segment and the Mercedes-Benz eActros, Freightliner eCascadia and FUSO Vision One in the heavy-duty segment. The FUSO eCanter and the Mercedes-Benz eActros

The new Mercedes-Benz eActros

are currently being tested under real conditions by customers in the United States, Europe and Japan. In December 2018, Freightliner delivered its first Freightliner eM2 to a customer in the United States. The Freightliner eCascadia and eM2 are especially geared toward the requirements of customers who use electric commercial vehicles on predefined local distribution haulage routes that generally do not change.

In June 2018, we consolidated all electrification activities for trucks and buses in the E-Mobility Group. The E-Mobility Group defines the strategy for all electric components and for complete electric vehicles across all brands and divisions. It is also developing a globally standardized electric architecture similar to the successful global platform strategy used for conventional drive systems and major components. The employees work at many locations throughout the company’s worldwide network – for example in Portland, Oregon, in the United States; in Stuttgart, Germany; and in Kawasaki, Japan.

Daimler Trucks: safe and automated

The new Mercedes-Benz Actros also sets new standards in terms of safety and partially automated driving. Just four years after the presentation of the automated Mercedes-Benz Future Truck 2025, the company is now putting a partially automated (Level 2) driver assistance system into a series-production truck for the first time ever. This new system, which is known as Active Drive Assist, enables partially automated driving in all speed ranges for the driver in a series-produced truck. The new features here are active lateral guidance and the combination of longitudinal and lateral guidance, which is made possible by the fusion of radar and camera information. Active Drive Assist enables interplay between the Proximity Control Assist system with its stop-and-go function and Active Lane Keeping Assist. Although the driver is still responsible for monitoring the traffic situation, the system provides significant relief to him or her and makes an important contribution to increasing road safety. Starting in 2019, Daimler Trucks offers partially automated driving (Level 2) to its Freightliner customers in North America under the product name Detroit Assurance 5.0. Level 2 functions are also to be available for customers in Asia in the FUSO Super Great in 2019.

The Mercedes-Benz Actros also features the latest generation of the Active Brake Assist emergency braking system. Active Brake Assist 5 supports the driver when there is a danger of a rear-end collision or a collision with a person crossing the road, approaching the truck or walking in the truck’s lane – with automatic maximum braking if necessary. Active Brake Assist 5 also works with a combination of radar and a camera, which allows it to monitor the space ahead of the vehicle and react to persons on the road in an even more effective manner. Sideguard Assist helps protect the most vulnerable road users – cyclists and pedestrians. This system has been available since the spring of 2018 in Mercedes-Benz Actros, Antos and Arocs heavy-duty trucks, as well as in the Econic. It is also now offered in Asia in the FUSO Super Great.

Daimler Trucks: reliable and connected

Commercial vehicles from Daimler Trucks & Buses need to be reliable. Unnecessary downtime prevents customers from conducting their business successfully, so vehicle reliability is always the top priority. Before vehicles go into series production, the company has already tested them over millions of kilometers under the most difficult conditions around the globe. Daimler also works continuously to increase the availability of its trucks and buses. Digitization and connectivity play a decisive role here. Meanwhile, several hundred thousand connected vehicles from Daimler are on the roads.

The Truck Data Center is the centerpiece of all the connectivity solutions offered by Daimler Trucks. The Truck Data Center receives data from the sensors and cameras in the truck and analyzes this information for various applications. It also serves as the interface for all connectivity services and is thus responsible for the truck’s external communications as well. This connectivity module forms the technological foundation for the Fleetboard and Mercedes-Benz Uptime connectivity services and the telematics solutions offered by Detroit Connect for the Freightliner brand and by Truckonnect for FUSO. Like a modern smartphone, the Truck Data Center uses Bluetooth, the mobile-telephony network or GPS to communicate with the traffic infrastructure, with other vehicles and with further systems involved in the logistics process. The Truck Data Center creates a permanent connection between vehicles from Daimler Trucks and the cloud, and makes the division’s trucks part of the Internet of things.

At the IAA Commercial Vehicles trade fair in September 2018, Fleetboard unveiled the new customer interface that we plan to offer to Fleetboard customers in the spring of 2019. The improvement to the Fleetboard Cockpit involves the introduction of a new, intuitive and web-based interface that clearly combines all data from booked Fleetboard services. The refined and free Fleetboard Driver app has been available for downloading in the Apple App Store and the Google Play Store since July 2018.

With Mercedes-Benz Uptime, we are pursuing the clear goal of permanently minimizing vehicle downtime and ensuring that necessary downtime can be planned, to further increase vehicle availability for customers. Constant communication by all onboard connected systems generates several gigabytes of data per truck every day, and this data can be used for various vehicle diagnostics procedures. After collecting all of the truck data, Mercedes-Benz Uptime can issue recommendations for service and repair center action to dealers within 240 seconds. This feature has, for example, substantially reduced vehicle diagnostics times during initial service center tests at the more than 1,500 Mercedes-Benz retail outlets in Europe that have been certified to use Mercedes-Benz Uptime.

Similar connectivity solutions in the form of services from Detroit Connect and Detroit Assurance are available for Daimler Trucks customers in North America from Freightliner. FUSO now offers customers in Asia the Truckonnect connectivity solution in its new Super Great truck.

Mercedes-Benz Vans: electric drive

Mercedes-Benz Vans plans to offer all its commercial van model series with electric drive systems. The initial step was taken with the launch of the mid-size eVito in November 2018. The eVito is the second all-electric production model from Mercedes-Benz Vans; the first was the Vito E-Cell in 2010. With a range of 149-1893,4 kilometers, the mid-size van is thus perfect for inner-city deliveries and other commercial operations. The battery can be fully charged in about six hours. In addition, customers can choose between two options with regard to top speed: a maximum of 80 km/h for city traffic and urban areas, while also conserving energy and increasing the vehicle’s range, or a maximum of 100 km/h or 120 km/h if required for driving on highways. The electric Vito for goods transport will be followed by the eVito Tourer for passenger transport and the eSprinter in 2019.

Mercedes-Benz Vans: innovative solutions

More than ever before, Mercedes-Benz Vans is making the choice of a drivetrain dependent on customer utility. In addition to vehicle technology, system weight, charging/refueling time, range and profitability are also taken into consideration. Mercedes-Benz Vans is expanding its eDrive@VANs strategy with the fuel cell. Based on the example of a semi-integrated travel van, the Concept Sprinter F-CELL showcases the full spectrum of the typical advantages of a fuel cell, from a long range to locally emission-free mobility. These attributes are also extremely well suited for other applications, such as long courier trips or small intercity buses.

The eDrive@VANs strategy involves not only the electrification of the vehicle fleet but also a customized overall system solution for each individual fleet. This includes advice on vehicle selection, assistance with tools such as the eVAN Ready app, and an overview of the total cost of ownership. In addition, the integration of an intelligent charging infrastructure concept lays the foundation for conserving resources with a commercial fleet while remaining economically competitive.

With Vision Urbanetic, Mercedes-Benz Vans is presenting under autonomous@Vans a supplement to its electrification solutions with a revolutionary mobility concept showing how autonomous mobility might work in the future. Vision URBANETIC removes the separation between passenger and goods transport by utilizing an innovative body-switching approach that enables the needs-based, sustainable and efficient movement of people and goods. In this manner, Vision URBANETIC meets the requirements of cities, companies from diverse sectors, urban residents and travelers in an innovative way. The concept reduces traffic flows, eases the strain on inner-city infrastructure and helps improve the quality of life in cities.

digital@Vans bundles innovative solutions in the field of digitization. Under the web-based brand Mercedes PRO, Mercedes-Benz Vans combines all digital services and solutions for the daily requirements of its customers, from small businesses to major clients. For example, Mercedes PRO optimizes communication between fleet managers, vehicles and drivers. In addition, it enables the online control of vehicles and the retrieval of vehicle information such as location, fuel level or maintenance intervals almost in real time.

Efficient and clean drive technology for buses

Daimler has already made tremendous advances in terms of exhaust treatment technology for the bus sector. For example, all Mercedes-Benz and Setra model series were made available with Euro VI technology at a very early stage. Despite the application of this significantly more sophisticated exhaust treatment technology, use of the new Mercedes-Benz engines has enabled us to achieve a further reduction in fuel consumption for our already economical vehicles, with a simultaneous increase in engine output.

The new Mercedes-Benz Tourismo touring coach reduces fuel consumption primarily through optimized aerodynamics and the all-new and lighter body. Lower fuel consumption and emissions are achieved also as a result of optional equipment such as Predictive Powertrain Control (PPC) and Eco Driver Feedback (EDF).

The Mercedes-Benz Citaro NGT with the all-new M 936 natural-gas engine also helps to make public transportation in cities more environmentally friendly. The Citaro NGT is also even more efficient than its predecessor model – and the CO2 balance is even better when biomethane is used.

Depending on the vehicle’s use profile and specifications, the new electrohydraulic steering system in the Mercedes-Benz Citaro hybrid further improves on the fuel consumption of the conventional Citaro, which is already highly efficient. Hybrid drive is available for many model variants of the best-selling Citaro city bus, including the natural gas-powered Citaro NGT. The reductions in fuel consumption quickly pay off for transport companies, and the environment and society benefit from the decrease in emissions.

With the new all-electric Mercedes-Benz eCitaro, which had its world premiere at the 2018 IAA Commercial Vehicles trade fair, we now have in our portfolio a key component of environmentally friendly local public transport with low-emission and locally emission-free buses.

Innovative safety and assistance systems for buses

With new safety and assistance systems, we are showing that safety has top priority also for our buses. Beginning in 2019, the Active Brake Assist 4 emergency braking system will become standard equipment in all Mercedes-Benz and Setra touring coaches. The system warns drivers of potential collisions with pedestrians and automatically initiates emergency braking when it detects stationary or moving obstacles ahead of the vehicle.

Mercedes-Benz Technology and Innovation | The Tourismo Safety Coach. [EN]

Preventive Brake Assist – the first active emergency braking assist system for city buses – will be available as an option for the entire Mercedes-Benz Citaro model family and the Mercedes-Benz Conecto starting in 2019. Sideguard Assist, a radar-based turning assistant with pedestrian detection for buses, supports bus drivers during right turns, which can be dangerous in certain situations. Sideguard Assist is available for all variants of the Mercedes-Benz Citaro and Tourismo and all Setra ComfortClass 500 and TopClass 500 Setra touring coaches.

A comprehensive approach to environmental protection

Protecting the environment is a primary corporate objective of the Daimler Group. Environmental protection is not separate from other objectives at Daimler; but is an integral component of a corporate strategy aimed at long-term value creation. The environmental and energy-related guidelines approved by the Board of Management define the environmental and energy-related policy of the Daimler Group. This expresses our commitment to integrated environmental protection that begins with the underlying factors with an impact on the environment, assesses the environmental effects of production processes and products in advance, and takes these findings into account in corporate decision making.

A vehicle’s environmental impact is largely determined during the first stages of its development. The earlier we integrate environmentally responsible product development (design for the environment, DfE) into the development process, the more efficiently we can minimize the impact on the environment. (See Environmental Issues)

Car CO2 emissions

In the year under review, the average CO2 emissions of the total fleet of Mercedes-Benz Cars in Europe (EU28 +Iceland) increased to 132 g/km (NEDC) (2017: 125 g/km).

The transition for the individual vehicles from NEDC to WLTP as the legally stipulated CO2 emission measurement cycle has led to a significant increase in our fleet emission figures. At the same time, the shift in sales from diesel to gasoline engines and a further increase in sales of larger SUVs and all-wheel-drive vehicles have contributed to a higher CO2 figure for our fleet.

Because all vehicle models will be certified in accordance with the WLTP by September 2019, we expect only a slightly lower CO2 figure for our fleet in 2019 despite further progress with reducing our vehicles fuel consumption. In 2020, vehicle electrification measures should contribute to a substantial decrease in fleet CO2 emissions.

More detailed information can be found in the “Non-Financial Report” section of this Annual Report. (See Environmental Issues)

Plan for the future of diesel vehicles

Our plan for the future of diesel vehicles includes the development of software updates for a total of well over three million customer-owned vehicles in Europe, of which well over one million are located in Germany. With the software updates, we will reduce NOx emissions by 25 to 30 % on average for these vehicles. This will be verified with the measurement cycle agreed upon with the authorities (WLTC 1, 2, 3).

After talks with the German Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI) in June 2018, and by order of the German Federal Motor Transport Authority (KBA), Daimler is carrying out a mandatory recall of approximately 690,000 vehicles in Europe (including approximately 280,000 in Germany). The great majority of these vehicles were already covered by the voluntary service measures announced in July 2017. The measures are being taken in close cooperation with the German certification authorities.

Daimler supports the German government’s concept for clean air and safeguarding individual mobility. With an attractive incentive program in the defined core regions, we are accelerating the renewal of the country’s stock of vehicles. Daimler is thus making a significant contribution to the federal government’s concept of preventing any disadvantages for diesel drivers.

Following the coalition decision in early October 2018, Daimler announced that it would also participate in a hardware retrofit program for diesel vehicles in the defined key regions as part of the concept of the German federal government for clean air and securing individual mobility. Against this background, Daimler is prepared to cover the costs of hardware retrofitting up to a maximum amount of €3,000 for Mercedes-Benz customers with Euro 5 diesel vehicles in the core regions. The retrofit hardware must be developed and offered by a third-party supplier and approved by the German Federal Motor Transport Authority. It must specifically entitle customers also to drive on roads on which there are driving bans in certain cities. Daimler’s goal is to attain clarity in the interests of the customers about which third-party hardware solutions can be offered and when.

Further information can be found in the “Non-Financial Report” section of this Annual Report. (See Environmental Issues)

Resource conservation: consistently high recyclability

Evaluating the environmental compatibility of a vehicle requires an analysis of the emissions and use of resources throughout the entire lifecycle. During vehicle development, we also prepare a recycling concept for every vehicle model. This concept includes an analysis of the suitability of all components and materials for the various stages of the recycling process. As a result, all Mercedes-Benz car models are 85 % recyclable and 95 % recoverable. The key aspects of our activities in this area are:

  • the resale of tested and certified used parts through the Mercedes-Benz Used Parts Center (GTC),
  • the remanufacturing of used parts, and
  • the workshop waste disposal system MeRSy (Mercedes-Benz Recycling System)

Environmental protection in production

Daimler follows an integrated approach for its corporate environmental protection measures. This approach begins with the potential causes of environmental effects.

For this reason, we have established environmental management systems at our manufacturing locations with the goal of ensuring that we can produce our vehicles safely, efficiently and at a high level of quality in an environmentally friendly manner that complies with all legal stipulations. We also carry out environmental risk assessments at all production facilities in which the Group has a majority interest. We are striving for a high level of air quality, climate protection and resource conservation (in terms of water consumption, waste management and soil conservation), and we support this high level with the help of Daimler Group’s standards.

Another important aspect is climate protection at our production plants. Mercedes-Benz Cars is setting the course for green production in Germany and Europe. Plans call for all manufacturing facilities in Germany to be supplied with CO2-neutral energy by 2022. The preparations for the exclusive use of green electricity for a climate friendly production in Europe are already well advanced. Our vehicle and powertrain factories in Bremen, Rastatt, Sindelfingen, Berlin, Hamburg, Kamenz, Kölleda and Stuttgart-Untertürkheim buy electricity or operate their own power plants. In the future, 100 % of purchased electricity is to come from verified renewable sources such as wind and water power. This corresponds to about three quarters of the total electricity requirements of our German plants. The remainder is generated in our own highly efficient gas-fired combined heat and power plants. We intend to offset the resulting CO2 emissions through qualified compensation projects. This also applies to all other energy purchases by the plants, such as natural gas for heating buildings or fuel for transport within the plant grounds.

More detailed information can be found in the Non-Financial Report section of this Annual Report. (See Environmental Issues)

1 Information on fuel consumption, electricity consumption and CO2 emissions is provisional and has been determined by an external technical service for the certification procedure in accordance with the provisions of the WLTP test procedure; the figures are non-binding and have been correlated with NEDC values. EU type approval and a certificate of conformity with official figures are not yet available. The figures given above may deviate from the official figures.

2 Information on electricity consumption and CO2 emissions is provisional and has been determined by an external technical service and is non-binding. Range figures are also provisional and non-binding. EU type approval and a certificate of conformity with official figures are not yet available. The figures given above may deviate from the official figures.

3 Range depends on vehicle configuration, specially on the selection of maximum speed limitation. Electricity consumption and range have been calculated on the basis of 692/2008/EC.

4 Actual range also depends on indivudual driving style, ambient temperature, use of air-conditioning/heating etc., and may deviate from the stated figures.

Research and development