The transition to CO2-neutral mobility is vital if the impact of climate change is to be limited. We at Daimler are working hard to make this vision a reality. In this connection, we have set ourselves the goal of making the mobility of the future more sustainable, and we are employing a holistic approach in order to achieve this goal. One component of our approach involves reducing the CO2 emissions of our vehicles.
Within the framework of our sustainable business strategy, our company has expressed its firm commitment to the Paris accord on climate protection. Mercedes-Benz AG has had its climate protection measures scientifically confirmed by the Science Based Targets Initiative (SBTI). By means of these targets, the company wants to contribute to environmental protection in the sense of the Paris Agreement.
In our sustainable business strategy, we have also set ourselves the goal of making our fleet of new cars CO2-neutral for the vehicles’ entire lifecycle by 2039. Daimler Trucks & Buses aims to offer only new vehicles that are CO2-neutral in driving operation (“tank-to-wheel”) in the triad of Europe, Japan, and NAFTA by 2039. Mercedes-Benz Vans is currently striving to achieve similar reductions in CO2 emissions. In order to achieve this goal, we want to significantly increase sales of passenger cars equipped with plug-in hybrid and all-electric drive systems. In this connection, we want to electrify the entire portfolio of Mercedes-Benz Cars by 2022, which means that various electric alternatives are to be offered in every segment - from compact cars to SUVs. By the year 2025, we expect all-electric models to account for up to 25 %. By 2030, plug-in hybrids and all-electric models should account for more than 50 %.
Ambition 2039: Our path to sustainable mobility
A new average CO2 target value of 95 g/km went into effect in 2020 for the entire fleet of new cars in the EU. The applicable limit for individual manufacturers is based on the average vehicle weight of the respective vehicle fleet. The limit for our fleet of new cars will be higher due to the high average weight of the vehicles in our model range. We take compliance with this new requirement into account as early as the vehicle development stage by employing our Design for Environment approach. In order to continuously improve environmental compatibility, these requirements are incorporated into our product performance specifications. These specifications define specific characteristics and target values - for example for fuel economy and CO2 emissions - that must be achieved for every vehicle model and every engine variant. During the development process, we regularly monitor compliance with our internal development targets and the requirements contained in the product performance specifications. In the Energy Efficiency Board (EEB), which includes Board of Management participation, the managers responsible for each vehicle model series evaluate the results of this monitoring process. In their evaluations, the managers take into account the increasing degree of vehicle electrification and the changes that have been made to legal requirements, for example those relating to the introduction of the new WLTP test procedure. If corrective actions are required, the managing body of the respective business division is included in the decision-making. The exact level of the CO2 emissions of individual vehicles is determined within the framework of the fuel-economy certification process.
Nevertheless, the fact remains that the attainment of the EU limits will greatly depend on the level of customer demand for all-electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids. (See »Risk and Opportunity Report«)
CO2 emissions from our car fleet
For the year under review, it is expected that the average CO2 emissions of our total passenger car fleet in Europe (EU28 + Iceland, Norway) will have increased to 137 g/km (NEDC, including vans registered as passenger cars (M1), Mercedes-Benz Cars: 135 g/km). This means that we were unable to reduce our CO2 emissions from the prior-year level. There were several reasons for this development. The first involves the shift of sales from vehicles with diesel engines to cars powered by gasoline engines. Secondly, 2019 was the first year in which the rollout of the WLTP certification process had its full impact. We intend to achieve our objective of reducing our CO2 emissions for 2020 and thus continue to conform to the currently valid EU limit values by means of a planned expansion of our portfolio to include further electric vehicle models and accommodate customer demand. (See »Risk and Opportunity Report«)
CO2 fleet emissions of Daimler Trucks & Buses
Daimler Trucks & Buses aims to offer only new vehicles that are CO2-neutral in driving operation (“tank-to-wheel”) in the triad of Europe, Japan, and NAFTA by 2039. As early as 2022, the company plans to have a vehicle portfolio comprising series-produced vehicles with battery-electric drive systems in these main sales regions. In order to achieve these targets and meet future legal stipulations in certain countries regarding the reduction of vehicle emissions and fuel consumption, Daimler Trucks & Buses has to employ the latest technology and enhance its range of battery-electric trucks and vehicles with other electrified drive systems. (See »Risk and Opportunity Report«)